What Corporate Action Means

August 25, 2022 3 min read

What Corporate Action Means

What Corporate Action Means

A corporate action is an occurrence that results in a major change to a company's securities and is approved by the board of directors and shareholders of the firm. Usually, when a decision like this is taken, it is to boost firm profitability and for the benefit of stakeholders
The share price is immediately affected when a company plans to take corporate action. So you must understand how corporate actions operate and how they will impact the share price and performance of the company if you are or plan to become a shareholder.

Types of Corporate Action:

Corporate actions can be classified into Voluntary, Mandatory and Mandatory with Choice.

A. Voluntary Corporate Action

In voluntary corporate action, shareholders must choose to participate in the action or not. The shareholders' response is necessary for the company to proceed with the corporate action

Examples of voluntary actions include:

• Right Issues: This is an offer to current shareholders to purchase more shares in proportion to their existing shareholding before being offered to the public.

Generally, a rights issue takes the form of a stock split, and the opportunity is given to current shareholders to benefit from an exciting new development.

• Buyback of shares: Buying back one's shares from shareholders is a common corporate action. There are many reasons why this might be done, but it's usually done to raise the value of the remaining shares.

As you now understand, this is done voluntarily by the shareholders and can be done on the open market.

• Tender Offer: This is an action where a person or business offers to buy back a certain number of shares in an organization to become the majority shareholder. The tender offer often has a higher price per share than the stock price at the time it is made, giving shareholders more incentive to sell their shares.

B. Mandatory Corporate Action

This action is an event started by the company's board of directors that has an impact on all shareholders, and participation in these corporate activities is compulsory.

Examples of Mandatory corporate action include:

• Stock Split and Reverse Split:

In a stock split, the shares of a company are divided into several new shares. Usually, the purpose of this divide is to reduce the price of the shares, which will increase their allure to potential investors.
To comply with some exchanges' minimum share price requirements, a reverse split, which is completely the opposite of a stock split, is carried out.

• Merger and Acquisition:

A merger is a corporate action in which two businesses come together to form a single business. Typically, this is done to increase market share and enter new markets.

Because one company makes use of the strengths of the other, there is a tendency for total performance efficiency to rising and overall costs to decrease when business operations are combined.

On the other hand, the acquisition is when a bigger business acquires a smaller one for expansion. The acquisition enables the business to eliminate upcoming rivals and increase its market share. The target company's shareholders typically need to be persuaded to accept the offer by paying a substantial premium, which is a drawback.

• Spin off: An existing public firm spins off when it sells some of its assets or issues new shares to become a brand-new, independent corporation. Spin-off typically boosts returns for shareholders because the newly independent businesses may better concentrate on their particular products or services.

C. Mandatory With Choice Corporate Action:

This corporate action is mandatory for all shareholders, although they have various options to select from. Examples of Mandatory with choice corporate action include:

• Dividends: A dividend is a company's earnings/profits distribution to its shareholders. Dividend payments may significantly impact a shareholder's investment because they will receive monthly payments that can be utilized to reinvest in the business or to cover other costs. The board of directors of a firm determines its dividend, which requires shareholder approval. A firm is not required to pay dividends, though. A dividend is often a portion of the company's profit that is distributed to its shareholders.

Instead of a cash part of the earnings, dividends may be distributed as shares or "scrip dividends."


Now that you know what a corporate action is, you need to stay informed of any new announcements anytime a corporate action occurs, whether you are a stakeholder or about to become one. Businesses frequently release a press release or other communication, like a tweet or other social media post, to explain the change.